Image result for Epoxy Floor Coating: The Different Types Explained

Epoxy flooring has become popular as an affordable option to upgrade and increase the functionality of the garage floor. Regardless of what epoxy product you use, you should properly prepare the concrete ahead of time. Repairing the flooring and checking for slab damage need to happen first. Then clean with a professional solvent to remove oil and grease stains. The cleaning solution also roughens the surface for easier application. There are three types of epoxy products available to choose from.

Water-Based

Many do-it-yourself epoxy floor products from big-box stores feature water-based epoxy floor coating. The coating combines both a sealer and a primer together. The thin mixture easily spreads on for a glossy, smooth finish. The user-friendly epoxy works well over degreased and cleaned concrete surfaces. Cheaper than the more durable 100% solids system, water-based epoxy may need to be done more frequently to maintain durability. Re-prep the floor every time you reapply the epoxy to ensure a durable bond with the concrete.

Solvent-Based

Similar to water-based epoxy, solvent-based contains solvents to prime and seal the floor. The coating leaves behind a thin layer of durability. The amount of solids used in the epoxy can range from 30 to 70 percent. Most fail to meet Volatile Organic Compound regulations and may not be a favorable choice for use on your garage floor.

One Hundred Percent Solids

The majority of professionals recommend and use 100% solids epoxy. When properly installed, the coating can last as long as twenty years. The long-term benefits often outweigh the upfront costs of paying for installation. Hot tires and heavy traffic are no match for the durable surface. Consisting of pure solids, the epoxy is the most durable available especially with the addition of hardeners. The solid surface resists abrasions and chemical stains. A professional should apply a substrate to the concrete prior to applying the epoxy. The epoxy is finished with a topcoat for a sealed bond. Depending on the location, it is a good idea to search for any vapor-migration before applying to the concrete.

While you can purchase epoxy floor coatings at the big box stores, it may be easier and more cost-effective long-term to hire a professional contractor. They have the experience to properly prep the surface, notice slab damage and many offer a warranty. Applying the epoxy can be a tedious hassle. Enjoy your new garage floor faster by using a professional contractor.